Головна / Incorrect bite, what it is and how to correct the wrong bite of the teeth of the lower and upper jaw.

Incorrect bite, what it is and how to correct the wrong bite of the teeth of the lower and upper jaw.

In this article our doctors - orthodontists will tell:

  • What is the wrong bite of a person's teeth.
  • Symptoms (signs) of the wrong bite.
  • Types of incorrect bite.
  • Causes and effects of wrong bite.
  • How to treat (correct) adults’ incorrect bite.
  • You will also get the answer to the question "How much does it cost to fix the wrong bite" in our stomatology.

People who have the right bite is much less than those who have the wrong one. The extent of the presence of pathology is often insignificant, however, it is desirable to exclude defects and prevent problems that may cause even minor dislocations.

An incorrect bite of a person's teeth is a problem of the closing and location of the teeth relatively to one another. Below in the photo you will see an example of correct closing of teeth (photo1) and one of many types of wrong bite (photo2).

нормальний прикус фотовиправлення кривих зубів у дорослих


Signs of the wrong bite.

Only a dentist - orthodontist can precisely determine the correctness of your bite. It is important to know that some of the symptoms of the wrong bite are visible to the "naked eye". Symptom may be torsion of the teeth of the lower or upper jaw, lower jaw is pushed forward or protuberated forward to the upper lip, possible asymmetry of the person and incorrect closure of the tooth rows with each other.

If you have one of these signs, call the tel.: (0352) 40 00 08; (098) 130 13 71 and ask for  the consultation and initial review of the orthodontist.

Another topic:ще по темі Professional cleaning of teeth.  ще по теміSurgical dentistry.

Types of incorrect bite.

It is possible to speak about the physiologically correct bite, if the teeth are tightly adjacent to each other, the upper and lower correlate with each other, and the imaginary longitudinal axis, which divides the face into symmetrical parts, passes between the cutters. It is permissible, if the upper teeth slightly cover the bottom - no more than for a third.

відкритий прикус зубів

Imperfections are expressed in different ways:

  • There is no contact between the jaws at the open bite - completely or partially.
  • The lower teeth are significantly closed by the upper ones at the deep bite.
  • The forward jaw speaks of a mesial bite.
  • Significantly developed upper jaw is called distal bite.
  • It happens that the teeth intersect with each other like scissors, so this bite is called cross-section.
  • A downward appearance occurs on the background of destruction and loss of teeth.
  • The dystopic form is characterized by the formation of some teeth outside the correct placement.

дистальний прикус глибокий прикусмезіальний прикусперехресний прикус










There is also an abnormal bite. Below, we offer you to watch a short video showing the classification of bites anomalies. It's better to see once than to be confused in medical terms.

Causes of incorrect bite.

A lot of factors affects the formation of bite of people. We are all from childhood, so everything  begins there:

  • Heredity and traumatism during childbirth.
  • Lack of breastfeeding.
  • Excessive sucking of a dummy.
  • Early or late loss of baby teeth.
  • Mouth breathing on the background of chronic colds (adenoids).
  • Caries launched.
  • Changes in metabolism.

Consequences of the wrong bite.

In addition to aesthetic considerations, in order to harmonize the appearance, bite anomalies are recommended to correct in order to prevent a number of possible physiological disorders. An incorrect bite directly threatens to damage the teeth, leads to periodontal disease, early wearing out of enamel, caries.

Possible maxillo-facial problems: facial swelling, clicks when chewing and opening the mouth. Constant insufficient chewing of food, mainly on one side of the mouth cavity, causes problems of the gastrointestinal tract. If an incorrect respiratory mechanism is developed, an ENT diseases develop. Possible language defects, dysfunction may occur.

Correction of Adults’ Bites.

According to statistics, nine out of ten people have a problem with bite, and every third such case requires the use of a special method. According to modern orthodontic data, dislocation of bite is not a sentence, and evening of teeth is possible at any time. But attractive, the perfect smile is a compulsory component of a successful person, and it is simply impossible without a proper bite.

Many people are interested in the question - and does it make sense to deal with the question of correction of the bite? This disadvantage may seem insignificant for many people, but in reality it is associated with a number of problems of a psychological nature, it may adversely affect human life. The existing problems with bite can cause gum disease, provoke the appearance of caries, promote tooth erosion, complicate the setting of prosthetics.

Adults who have the wrong bite often suffer from migraines, problems with digestion and other health problems. Dislocation of the bite may cause problems with the functioning of the jaws.

At what age can bite a bite?

можно ли исправить прикус в 30 лет

It is best to correct bite disorders in adolescence. At this time the teenager grows up, the bite of the teeth ends up forming and the intervention in this case will give the optimal result. But the correction of occlusion for adults has a certain specificity - in particular, in this case, during the correction you can come across a number of difficulties:

1) the key problem is that after the formation of the maxillary bones for transformation, it is necessary to make a lot of efforts. In particular, after the age of thirty, blood supply to tissues is slowing down, and the displacement of teeth is difficult to adjust;

2) the adult patient’s teeth, as a rule, do not look the best - they are more fragile, they have a lot of fillings, and therefore it is difficult to use orthodontic constructions for them;

3) if there are distant teeth in the jaw, then this may result in bone atrophy and, consequently, a delay in bite correction speed;

4) correction of bite is more expensive for the adult. At the same time, taking into account the aforementioned, correction of the wrong bite is an important and necessary thing to do, besides even relevant for adults, and not just for children.

Correction of the wrong bite.

Orthodontic treatment is quite complicated, multi-stage and expensive. It is important to monitor the development of the bite of the child from an early age - to observe how teeth cut and grow, visually correlate the development of the jaws. At the age of eighteen months, it is necessary to begin to instill skills of the care of the teeth and mouth cavity. The diet of the child should be diverse, contain solid food.

It is necessary to understand that interdental gaps in the period up to eight years are not a pathology - after changing the teeth on the grinders, cracks disappear. Adverse changes in bite are more readily to be corrected in childhood, so preventive visits to the dentist should be regular. Therapy of  pathology usually takes a long time, the choice of method depends on the complexity of the particular situation and the age when the treatment starts.

As a rule, the only limitation is caries, its launching forms. The panoramic X-rays of the skull and jaw models help the orthodontist to determine the plan of treatment. Removable and non-removable devices help remove the defects of the bite. Orthodontic manipulations are considered painless in feelings, setting and wearing devices at an early stage may cause some inconveniences. Removable devices include clamps and plates used in treatment in childhood and adolescence.

вирівнювання зубів за допомогою брекетів і капи

The adults’ bite is corrected by means of non-removable braces system. Braces is a design of small locks, linked by an arc. Each lock is attached to the surface of the teeth with the special adhesive, and the effect on the teeth is leveled with the help of an arc. Braces systems are made of various materials: metal, plastic, sapphire. There are lingual braces that are practically invisible - such devices are attached to the inner surface of the teeth. The choice of braces type is determined by the patient's budget.

For the effectiveness of treatment, it is sometimes necessary to remove several teeth, and surgical correction of bite may also be required. At the final stage of treatment, plastic capsules and non-replaceable metal wire reels are used to stabilize the result. Modern technologies allow the orthodontist to normalize the bite not only until the end of the formation of the body, as it was customary to assume until recently, but also in adulthood, while practically regardless of the degree of complexity of the case.

Prices for teeth leveling.

You should understand that correction of maxillofacial surgery is considered as a medical procedure, not cosmetic, and teeth leveling will cost you less than in the future to correct the effects of more expensive dental problems.


Come for the appointment of our dentist - orthodontist. After examination, the dentist diagnoses your type and severity of bite defect. This stage plays a decisive role in the cost of  teeth leveling. Also, the orthodontist will tell you about the future treatment and its duration in details.

 The list of expenses is determined only after a detailed individual consultation of the orthodontist and the patient. 

Interested patients can get acquainted with our prices in our dentistry in the "prices" section. Taking into account our experience, the average cost of fixing the bite by braces systems will range from 1000 euros.