Головна / Tooth Removal - Causes, Contraindications, Process, Care, and Recommendations.

Tooth Removal - Causes, Contraindications, Process, Care, and Recommendations.

Tooth Removal - Causes, Contraindications, Process, Care, and Recommendations.

Content:

1) Causes of tooth extraction.

2) Indications and contraindications to tooth extraction.

3) The process of tooth extraction.

4) The time of healing of the tooth.

5) Care and advice after extraction.

6) What can not be done after tooth extraction.

7) Alveolit.

8) Tooth extraction price.

There are very many diseases of the teeth and gums. Each of them can cause the condition that requires removal. Therefore, even with the slightest trouble or problem, it is urgent to contact a doctor. This will allow you to not only to cure the tooth at the initial stage of the disease, but will significantly save your budget. However, if it is impossible to cure ill tooth, it is necessary to remove it.

 Important: Under no circumstances can the procedure of treatment and removal be delayed, as this may affect the integrity of the adjacent teeth, which will cause new problems.

Most people do not go to dentistry because of the psychological fear of dentists. Almost every person will have to overcome his fear sooner or later, otherwise, the teeth will eventually fall out. Turning to our dental clinic, you receive not only high-quality services in the treatment and removal of teeth, but also psychological support. Professional doctors will help you overcome your phobia and overcome fears.

 

Causes of tooth extraction.

 

Modern dental facilities allow to remove teeth only in case of exceptional necessity. As a rule, the main reason for this operation is the delay of common illnesses. Then there is a variety of chronic diseases. For example, a cyst.

With prolonged refusal of its treatment, an ascetic fistula is formed that can not be treated. In addition, if you do not remove in time the tooth which is damaged by this disease, the infection will spread throughout the mouth cavity. Undoubtedly, this will necessitate the removal of not one but several teeth. Significant caries, the last stages of periodontitis and other neglected diseases are also causes that lead to the need for this operation.

Extraction of the tooth can be divided into two types: simple and complex. In the first case, the process of removal is absolutely painless (under the action of local anesthesia), the second, accompanied by quite unpleasant sensations and procedures: a cut of the gum, a phased removal of the tooth, extraction of roots, etc.

 More on: Children's dentistry. Treatment of periosteum

Indications and contraindications to tooth extraction.

Indications and contraindications to tooth extraction are divided into two groups: local and relative. It is also possible to single out a conditional group of relative indicators:

- lack of possibility of conducting qualitative treatment;

- perforation of roots by any tool;

- lack of progress in the treatment of diseases;

- teeth that are located in the place of fracture of the jaw;

- development of infectious diseases of the cavity of the mouth;

- development of periodontitis to the third and fourth stage;

- Extra teeth that interfere with normal alignment with the help of temporary prosthetics;

- impossibility of setting the crown or prosthesis due to significant tooth decay.

Absolutely all contraindications are of a relative nature. An exception is made only of cases where the procedure for extraction of the tooth should be made solely for the personal reasons and motives of the patient.

 

Contraindication.

Common symptoms and causes include:

- acute stage of various acute infections and diseases;

- various chronic diseases of the circulatory system;

- development of pregnancy during the first and third trimesters;

- diseases of the endocrine system;

- various diseases of the nervous system.

If any of the above reasons are detected, the procedure for removing the tooth can be carried out on the individual conclusion of the doctor. However, in most cases, extraction is postponed to the moment which is more appropriate for it.

Local contraindications include:

- herpetic lesions of the mucous membrane of the mouth cavity, lips and skin;

- stomatitis and other ulcerative formations;

- the tooth is located in the zone of malignant tumor formation.

How to remove the tooth.

As well as hundreds of years ago, the main tools for extraction of the tooth were and remain specialized tongs. Of course, their overall design has considerably changed over times. However, in the arsenal of each highly qualified dentist there are several types of forceps. Each is designed to work with a specific tooth. The choice of the type of forceps used in many respects depends on the individual characteristics of the structure of human teeth.

As it was already mentioned above, tooth extraction is conventionally divided into two types: simple and complex. Regardless of complexity, the stages of tooth extraction are the same. Initially, the preparation is carried out, it includes anesthetic, a perforation of the tissue around the tooth. Then the process itself proceeds directly. The tooth is removed by means of  forceps. The final stage is the creation of a blood clot in the hole, which further promotes the healing rate of the wound.

We live at the time when people are constantly hurrying and hurrying somewhere. As a result, the question "how long does tooth extraction last?" is of interest to almost every other patient. It is important to understand that any dentist without a preliminary examination will not be able to answer this question, since the time of the operation depends entirely on its complexity and the type of tooth removed.

 

Simple tooth extraction.

 In every modern dental clinics, the usual process of extraction of the tooth begins with an analgesic. Local anesthesia can be done directly under the tooth or a prick on the cheek (depending on the perception of the pain relieving patient). Then with the help of a special pincer there is a separation of gum tissue from the base of the tooth. This procedure allows the dentist to seize firmly the tooth with tweezers. The doctor conducts a series of movements, trying to shatter the tooth, and eventually removes it from the hole.

There are exceptions in which tooth extraction is not possible on the principle of a pendulum, in this case, movements are carried out in a circle.

Complex extraction of the tooth.

Complicated tooth extraction is considered if the cause of the surgical intervention is due to:

- a tumor;

- a cyst;

- periodontitis of the third and fourth stages;

- removal of the fourth tooth to correct the bite;

- severe dislocations of the roots.

Complex extraction of a tooth is any operation, the execution of which is impossible with the use of only tweezers. The preparation stage also includes anesthesia, in addition to providing access to the root. This happens with the help of an incision of the periosteum, or gum. The use of a specific set of tools and the application of certain techniques depends on the individual characteristics of the removed tooth.

Healing time after extraction.

The time to heal the tooth may vary depending on the complexity of the surgery. If it was simple, the process of primary healing does not take more than one month and goes completely painless. It takes place in several stages:

- The first 15 minutes - a blood clot is formed.

- 4-8 days - more than half of the clot is converted into granulation, at the same a new layer of epithelial cover starts to form.

- Two weeks - there is a complete epithelization of the hole.

- The month - the osteoid tissue fills the hole from the inside.

- Six weeks - the bone tissue begins to form.

- 3-4 months - the bone tissue completely fills the hole.

The healing time of a well after a complex removal, or after an infectious disease, increases significantly. In some cases, the term may reach one year's period.

Care and recommendations.

It is important to understand that the process of extraction of the tooth belongs to a class of surgical operations. Even after a simple operation, healing of the hole will be accompanied by rather unpleasant sensations in the mouth cavity. To ensure maximum comfort after tooth removal, you must follow such recommendations:

With severe bleeding: after surgery, the dentist will put a cotton swab into the hole, but if after twenty minutes the blood does not stop, then you need to replace the cotton wool yourself and apply it for an hour. In the subsequent healing process it is also necessary to apply a cotton swab when bleeding.

After the painkiller ceases, the moment comes when the pain manifests itself. Ideally, after returning from the dental clinics to your home, it is recommended to sleep. If the pain does not allow you to do this, then you must take an analgesic.

Having severe pain, you can apply cooling compresses.

It is not recommended to perform any physical work two-three days after extraction of the tooth.

Be sure to exclude from your diet nuts, hard meat, too hot and too cold meals and other meals that irritate or put pressure on the mouth cavity.

What can not be done.

In addition to the recommendations there are prohibitions. After removing a tooth, you can not:

- it is not possible to rinse your mouth, as it can cause loss of blood clot, which, in its turn, will greatly increase the term of healing of the hole;

- You can not eat excessively hot or cold food;

- During three-five days it is impossible to take hot baths, go to the sauna, solarium, etc .;

- it is impossible to stay in the cold and frost for a long time;

- it is forbidden to penetrate the hole with toothpicks and any other objects, since the slightest inaccurate movement can cause injury to the gums;

- patients suffering from cardiovascular diseases should monitor their arterial pressure.

Proper care of the tooth hole allows you to reduce the healing time as much as possible. Failure to comply with the above rules may damage the hole, which in the future will cause damage to the entire cavity of the mouth, gums and adjacent teeth. In any case, if you have any problems, you should visit the dentist office as soon as possible.

Alveolitis after tooth extraction.

Alveolitis is the disease expressed by rotting a hole of a tooth. It can occur for various reasons. This is most often due to mechanical interference and gum damage. Also, the cause of alveolitis may be a weak immune system. Signs of the development of this disease are:

- Significantly aching pain;

- absence of blood clot in the hole;

- the edges of the holes have a bright red tint;

- one feels a lot of pain while touching the gums.

If you have at least one of the above symptoms, you need to apply for help as soon as possible. The fact is that it can be overcome at the initial stages of development of this disease, using a conservative method of treatment. The dentist will pick up the complex of antibiotics, taking into account the individual characteristics of the patient, and put the drug into the hole. Additionally, antiseptics for mouthwash can also be prescribed. If the treatment of alveolitis with medicinal products did not produce any effect or the disease is at a late stage, surgical intervention is used.

We offer to watch a video about "Alveolit" from our colleagues dentists.

The dentist carries out a complete cleaning of the hole from various contaminants and pus. Sometimes the doctor takes some blood from patient’s vein and places it into the hole. This procedure is necessary for the creation of a clot and it is used in cases where the vessels in the hole are excessively compressed through the intervention, and this prevents from the normal flow of blood.

Cost of procedure for tooth extraction.

 People who need tooth extraction often ask "How much does tooth extraction cost?". There is no unambiguous answer to this question, since it depends on the individual characteristics of a person, such as the tooth, the complexity of the operation, etc. Do not save on your health. When you go to a cheap dental clinic, you are at great risk. One should agree, it is better to pay once for a qualitative service than to risk your health and spend money on restorative procedures after poor quality removal.